The effects of mutations in one generation of spirographs. Choosing only one graph to survive from the previous generation (not a natural thing to do) results in 36 offspring from the one graph. It is an good way to check the impacts of mutations in the genetic algorithm and has an interesting outcome. The parent graph is below.
This Spirograph algorithm is not a strict interpretation of the physical Spirograph device but it generates some very similar and interesting results. The basic algorithm is to blend three circular equations together. Specifically, for values of i from 0 to 2 pi, an x and a y value are generated with :
x = r1 * cos(nr1 * i + o1) + r2 * cos(nr2 * i + o2) + r3 * cos(nr3 * i + o3);
y = r1 * sin(nr1 * i + o1) + r2 * sin(nr2 * i + o2) + r3 * sin(nr3 * i + o3);
In many ways, this is like having three lines of length (set as r1, r2, and r3) being placed end to end with each one rotated a given number of times (set as nr1, nr2, and nr3). Each of the rotations also can be offset (set by o1, o2, o3).
Two different graphs can be drawn in this way and each of those graphs can be duplicated by changing the number of iterations (o iterations would hide graph). Each iteration can be offset by an angle or have its radius scaled.
Building on the previous waves study, this sketch creates it’s own image from three dimensional Perlin noise. For each frame, an image is generated and variations in the brightness are used to vertically offset the horizontal lines, forming waves.
The running sketch (below) shows a frame of the noise and the waves below.
This study focuses on the wave algorithms used in this years eggbot drawings. The sketch supports importing an image, scans the brightness value and draws horizontal lines with vertical offsets based on variations in brightness. around any given sample point along the horizontal line.
This year, I’m using a new drawing app that I’ve been working on to generate files to load into Inkscape and draw using the Eggbot. In general the app processes an image file and creates an SVG based on it. These are several different renderers. The four eggs above are the most abstract. The algorithm draws wandering lines based on the brightness values of pixels in the image.
The image below uses a hatching program that can be quite photo realistic. I have not yet drawn it successfully using the Eggbot and sharpies. I did manage to draw it with pencil, only to have it smear off the eggshell.